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Today is the International Holocaust Remembrance Day

Суббота, 27. Январь, 2018 - 10:52

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January 27th is the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. On this day in 1945 the soldiers of the First Ukrainian Front of the Soviet Army entered the territory of the concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. The gates of the death camp were opened first by the assault team commander of the 100th Lvov Rifle Division, Major Anatoly Shapiro.

Memorial Day was established in 2005 on the initiative of the UN General Assembly.

Many commemorative events are associated to this special date, which take place in Israel, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, France, Germany, Great Britain, the United States and other countries.

There were 1.1 people who were prisoners of the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp; about one million of them were Jews, almost all of them died. Among the other victims of the Nazis, who went through the hell of Auschwitz - the Poles, Romani, Soviet Army soldiers, and citizens captured by the Nazis in Europe. The Soviet soldiers, who entered the territory of the death camps 72 years ago, found piles of corpses and about 7000 tortured, but living people.

The statistical collection dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, the State Statistics Office of Poland two years ago published the following data on those who were killed in the concentration camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau: the total number of deaths - 1.1 million people, including about 960 thousand Jews ( of which about 300 thousand were Polish Jews), 70-75 thousand - Poles, 21,000 - Romani, 15,000 -Soviet prisoners of (non-Jews and non-Roma), 10-15 thousand representatives of other nations and nationalities.

In Israel, the Day of Catastrophe and heroism of the Jews of Europe and North Africa (Yom Hashoah) is observed annually on the 27th of Nisan on the Hebrew calendar. On this day there are ceremonies at Jerusalem's memorial complex "Yad Vashem", near the memorial to participants of the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto, the Center for Holocaust Studies "Masa" in Kibbutz Tel Yitzhak, in the tent, "Yizkor" in the Knesset, in the Valley of the Communities ( Bikat a-Keilot), in Kibbutz Lohamei a-getaot. In the morning all over Israel you can hear the two-minute mournful siren. The same day, the annual "March of Life" is held in Poland - from Auschwitz to Birkenau.

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